Sesame is an ancient oil crop supplying seed for confectionary purpose and edible oil, paste (Tahina) cake and flour.
Sesame has important agricultural attributes. It is adapted to tropical and temperate conditions, grows well on stored soil moisture with minimal irrigation or rainfall and can produce good yield under high temperature.
Soybean (scientific name: Glycine max) is a plant species belonging to the legume genus. Soy is classified as an oilseed and has been used in China for 5000 years as food and medicine. Soybeans are important food and industrial crops at the global level. It is distinguished from the rest of the other legumes that it contains all eight essential amino acids necessary for the human body to make protein. This makes it an excellent source of complete protein, especially for vegetarians.
This highly branched acidic polysaccharide is edible and harvested mainly in Saharan Africa (Maghreb, Mali, Senegal, Chad, Egypt, Sudan, etc.). Gum arabic is an essential raw material for the food industry and is mainly used as an emulsifier, especially for citrus oils, protective colloid in emulsions and aroma carriers. Its European ingredient code is E414.
Hibiscus sabdariffa is a member of the Malvaceae family. It is an annual herb that grows to 6 feet or more, stems are glabrous; lower leaves are ovate with the upper leaves being 3-5 palmately lobed. The flowers are axillary or in terminal racemes, the petals are white with a reddish center at the base of the staminal column, the calyx enlargens at maturity and the fruit is fleshy and bright red. It is known as roselle (English), l’oiselle (French), Jamaica (Spanish), karkade (Arabic), bissap (Wolof) and dâ (Bambara) among other names.
Sorgo is the world’s fifth largest cereal by volume of production, after maize, rice, wheat and barley2,3. It is the main cereal for many low-income populations living in the semi-arid tropics of Africa and Asia. This plant is also the sixth source of food calories for the world’s population, after rice, wheat, sugar (beet and cane), corn and potatoes. It is also widely used in animal feed in the form of green feed, dry straw or cereal concentrate4.
Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea), also known as peanut or cacahuetea (Listen to Nahuatl tlālcacahuatl which means ground cocoa), ground pea, ground pistachio and pinot (English peanut) in Quebec1 is a plant of the family of leguminous plants (Fabaceae) native to Mexico and grown in the tropics, subtropical and temperate for its oilseeds. It has the particularity of burying its fruits after fertilization.
Cotton is the most produced natural fiber in the world, mainly in China and India. Since the nineteenth century, thanks to advances in industrialization and agronomy, it has been the world’s leading textile fiber (almost half of the world’s textile fiber consumption). His name comes from the Arabic qutuun.
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